San Francisco Trans Femme Cross Dresser 1961

The only clue to understanding this photo is the beer. Regal was a San Francisco brewer that stopped producing about 1961. The young girl in the center has carefully executed her feminine persona. Her gown glimmers with an elegance absent from the rest of the bar. It fits provocatively. Her hair is her own. She’s committed to being seen as trans, even though her elegant toilette was against the law at the time.

Crossdressers 1930s

The LLTA has two small photos (2.25″ X 3.5″) of these jolly cross-dressers. They’re wearing the same outfits in the other photo, but without the coats. In this image they’re lifting their skirts to expose their gorgeous gams, which are neither shaved nor stockinged. The taller model on the right lifts her skirts to mid-thigh in both mages. It might be possible to date the photo by the car, which looks like it’s from the 1930’s or 1940’s. The pose and public setting incline me to think this is a lighthearted masquerade and not a statement of identity, though we can never be really sure what’s going on in another person’s head.

Ella Sheilds, Male Impersonator and Drag King

Ella Shields (1879-1952) was one of the most famous male impersonators in both American vaudeville and English music hall. She began performing with her sisters in 1898. Six years later she went solo, performing in women’s clothes as The Southern Nightingale. The story goes that one night in an English music hall, when one half of a two-man act was sick, she filled-in and the audiences loved her. She was most famous for the song and dance routine “Burlington Bertie from Bow”, written by William Hargreaves, her first husband.

Christine Jorgensen

This Associated Press photo, taken in New York on April 3, 1959, is an example of the old adage, “The more things change, the more they stay the same.” The incomplete caption reads, “DENIED MARRIAGE LICENSE–Christine Jorgenson and Howard J. Knox leave Marriage License Bureau here today after she was denied a license because her birth certificate listed her as a male. She said her attorney would go to Washington, where the certificate is in the hands of the State Department. She and Knox would re-apply in New York for a license within the next six week. She says she underwent a sex-change operation in Copenhagen, Denmark, eigths”

Ambi Sextrous

Ladies, gentlemen, gentlemen ladies and lady gentlemen, allow me to present a San Francisco original, Ambi Sextrous. In the 1980s she was one of the constellation of queens in the Sluts A Go Go orbit. With her beard and uncanny sense of color, she labeled herself a “female approximator,” rather than the more traditional female impersonator. LLTA has over three dozen images of Ambi in an astounding array of dyed and glittering breads. They were donated by her lover Ed after Ambi died of AIDS in the early 1990s.

Construction Update

The Louise Lawrence Transgender Archive (LLTA) is now under construction. The first step, when turning a shabby garage into an environmentally controlled transgender archive, is to clear it out.


The bulk of the archival holdings, over 70 banker’s boxes, have been in storage since last August, but we still had Louise’s file cabinets and furniture to deal with. Enter Stafford, well connected trans man and LLTA supporter. Stafford contacted Dr. Carol Queen and Robert Lawrence, co-founders of the Center for Sex & Culture in San Francisco. These pillars of queer culture generously donated storage space for Louise’s furniture and filing cabinets and Stafford assembled the moving crew. After a day of loading and unloading, we were ready to build.

Rob Oakley designed the LLTA space months ago and now he’s building it. Rob is a theatrical and exhibit designer. In the 1990s he was Technical Director for the San Francisco State University’s Theatre Arts Department where he met Ms. Bob, who taught theatrical sound design. He fabricated the Harvey Milk exhibit for the opening of the GLBT History Museum and was both technical designer and project manager for scenic-elements in the new Madame Tussauds Wax Museum at Fishermen’s Wharf.

Rob started in on LLTA by tearing out termite infested walls and building new ones. This week Louise got a new door and a window overlooking the garden. She looks fabulous thanks to Rob Oakley.

And speaking of looking fabulous, please, checkout Louise’s re-designed website, the work of LLTA creative director Robyn Adams, who also designed the LLTA logo. Other contributors of time and talent include Jim McKee of earwax productions, who recorded and mixed the sound for our fundraising video and grant writer Carol Kleinmaier. Every grant she wrote for LLTA has been successful. Both Carol & Jim donated all their work to LLTA.

The LLTA would not be possible without the support of 87 online backers, the LEF Foundation, Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence, St. Francis Lutheran Endowment and one greatly appreciated anonymous donor. With their help LLTA raised $12,500, about half of what’s needed to complete the construction and purchase archival storage containers. We’re waiting to hear about another grant and planning to apply for more. The GLBT Historical Society will continue to act as Louise’s fiscal sponsor, so all donations are still tax deductible.

Watch this site. Watch Louise grow and see her archive develop.